PANS (Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome) is a condition caused by an abnormal inflammatory response of the body to a presumed infectious agent or other triggering event, resulting in a sudden onset of severe neuropsychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents.
Those symptoms may include changes in behavior, mood, sleep, eating, and physical activity. While the exact causes of PANS are not definitively known, there is growing evidence that it results from a combination of genetic, environmental, and infectious factors.
Genetics appear to have a role in PANS, as some cases have been linked to specific genetic mutations involved in immune system regulation. Environmental factors such as stress, trauma, and exposure to toxins may also contribute to the development of PANS.
Additionally, infectious agents, such as viruses and bacteria, are thought to be potential causes as well.
In some cases, the exact triggering event that caused the PANS symptoms may never be identified. However, physicians attempt to identify triggers in order to begin implementing treatment to help manage and reduce symptoms.
Treatment typically includes anti-inflammatory medications, psychotropic medications, and behavioral therapy.
What triggers a PANS flare?
PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome) flares can be triggered by a variety of things; some common triggers can include changes in routine and environment, as well as medical conditions, viral or bacterial infections, or physical traumas.
Other possible triggers for PANS can be psychosocial stressors such as significant life events, major changes in routine or environment, and even chronic stress. Additionally, certain foods and dietary deficiencies (such as gluten, casein, dysbiosis, and more) can also be potential triggers.
It is important to recognize the first signs of a PANS flare, as they can vary significantly from individual to individual. Depending on the individual, these can be key behavioral and mental health changes, physical issues, regression or decrease in cognitive or developmental abilities, or difficulty managing and regulating emotions.
Early identification of triggers and early intervention is essential to helping manage PANS symptoms and reducing the risk of future flares.
What virus causes PANS?
PANS, or Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome, is an autoimmune disorder is which the body’s immune system attacks its own brain cells. It has been linked to many different illnesses and infectious agents, but the most common cause of PANS is believed to be viruses.
Some of the viruses that have been linked to PANS symptoms include the Influenza virus, the Epstein-Barr virus, the Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), and the Streptococcus bacteria. Additionally, there is now evidence that the recently discovered human coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 (the virus associated with the COVID-19 pandemic), is a potential cause of PANS in some children.
It is believed that these viruses may trigger the body’s autoimmune response which can damage the brain and other neurological structures, resulting in the development of PANS. It is important to note that the exact cause of PANS is still not known, and further research is needed to conclusively determine the role of viruses and bacteria in the development of this condition.
Does PANS ever go away?
The answer to this question depends on the individual diagnosis, how early treatment is provided, and the severity of the condition. PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome) is a newly recognized syndrome that is characterized by a sudden and rapid onset of anxiety, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, disruptive mood swings, and other associated symptoms.
It is unclear what triggers PANS, but it is thought to be related to an infection or trauma.
Currently, there is no cure for PANS, but the associated symptoms can be managed using various treatment techniques. These techniques may include cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, medications, and lifestyle changes.
With treatment, the symptoms of PANS may go away and the individual may get relief. In mild cases, symptoms may resolve within a few months or even within a year. In more severe cases, it may take longer to see an improvement in the symptoms or they may be long-lasting and require continuing therapy and interventions.
It is important to note that the long-term prognosis of PANS is still not well understood. With early diagnosis, proper care, and ongoing support, many individuals with PANS can experience an improvement in symptoms and even remission of the condition.
However, for some, PANS may not go away completely and treatment may be necessary for managing symptoms throughout life.
Can stress trigger PANS?
Yes, stress can trigger PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome). Although the exact cause of PANS is unknown, it is believed that it is triggered by environmental factors, including prolonged or intense stress.
When a person is exposed to prolonged or intense stress, their body may respond by producing antibodies which target or attack the individual’s own brain. The result of this is a sudden onset of psychiatric symptoms, such as obsessive-compulsive behaviors and a severely reduced ability to interact with people in social situations.
It is also believed that family dynamics and underlying infections can also contribute to the onset of PANS.
The cause of PANS is still under investigation but the available evidence strongly suggests that stress plays a major role in its onset. Therefore, it is important to manage stress levels and practice stress-relieving activities, such as yoga, meditation, and mindfulness, in order to reduce the risk of triggering PANS.
Additionally, supportive and therapeutic environments that promote resilience and foster healthy coping mechanisms should be provided to those who are already at risk for developing PANS.
Is Pan’s an autoimmune disease?
No, Pan’s is not an autoimmune disease. Pan’s is an acronym for the disease known as Polyarteritis nodosa, a rare condition that can affect the walls of medium-sized to large arteries in any part of the body.
It is a type of vasculitis, meaning it is an inflammation of the blood vessels. It is thought to be caused by an immune-mediated response, but it is not an autoimmune disorder. An autoimmune disorder occurs when the body’s own immune system turns against itself and mistakenly attacks healthy tissues, like in Type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
In contrast, Pan’s targets the blood vessels, and its exact cause remains unknown.
What is the treatment for pans?
The treatment for PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome) varies based on the severity of the symptoms. Many cases are treated with a combination of medication and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Regarding medication, anti-inflammatory agents and immunomodulatory treatments like intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and plasmapheresis are often used to reduce inflammation. Antidepressants and antipsychotics may also be prescribed to reduce depression, mood swings, and anxiety.
CBT is a type of psychotherapy that helps patients understand their emotions and cope with challenging situations. It can help the patient develop healthy coping skills and lessen the impact of symptoms.
Additionally, family therapy and parenting classes can help give parents support and guidance in managing their child’s condition.
In some cases, dietary changes may help reduce symptoms. This can include eliminating gluten or other foods that can trigger an autoimmune response. In addition, supplements like omega-3 fatty acids and magnesium may help reduce inflammation.
It’s important to note that there is no “one-size-fits-all” approach to treating PANS. Working with a qualified mental health professional is important in finding the best treatment plan for a child’s individual needs.
Do pots and pans last forever?
No, pots and pans do not last forever. Even high-quality cookware eventually shows signs of wear and tear, such as scratches, discoloration, and warped surfaces. When these signs start to appear, it is time to replace your pots and pans.
Including the type of material, how well it is cared for, and the frequency of use. Generally, stainless-steel, hard-anodized aluminum, and cast-iron pots and pans will last the longest. Taking proper care by regularly washing with warm, soapy water, and hand-drying thoroughly to reduce water spots will help extend the life of your pots and pans.
Additionally, using plastic or wooden utensils to avoid scratching or pitting surfaces will help preserve cookware. While there is no fixed time frame for replacing pots and pans, it is important to keep an eye out for any signs of wear and tear that may indicate it is time to upgrade your cookware.
Can pans continue into adulthood?
Yes, pans can continue into adulthood. The pervasiveness of anxiety disorder in adults is well documented, with about 18. 1% of U. S. adults having an anxiety disorder in any given year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.
Anxiety in adults may have its roots in childhood experiences, some of which can be traced back to pan. When a child experiences pan, it can develop into something more significant in adulthood. Common adult anxiety triggers may include new job or relationship stress, unfamiliar situations, financial troubles, or environmental changes.
If a child had pan, these triggers may be more difficult to manage in adulthood without treatment. Treatment for anxiety disorder in adults typically includes therapy, lifestyle changes, and/or medications.
Therapy can help individuals become aware of their anxiety triggers, learn how to manage symptoms through cognitive-behavioral interventions, and improve their ability to live with the condition. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as increased exercise, better nutrition, and proper rest can help manage the symptoms.
Medications may also be prescribed, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and benzodiazepines. Ultimately, pans that continue into adulthood may be effectively managed through various strategies.
Do pans symptoms come and go?
Yes, it is possible for PANs symptoms to come and go. The severity of the symptoms can vary from person to person and can change from day to day depending on the individual’s level of stress or other factors.
For some people, the symptoms may be relatively mild and can be managed with lifestyle modifications, while for others the symptoms may be more severe and require additional medical interventions. Common symptoms of PANs can include difficulty concentrating, impulsivity, hyperactivity, deficits in fine and gross motor skills, sensory sensitivities, insomnia, social and communication difficulties, fits of rage, and OCD symptoms.
Depending on a person’s individual triggers, it is possible for some of these symptoms to come on suddenly and then recede just as quickly as they initially appeared.
Is PANDAS a mental illness?
No, PANDAS is not a mental illness. PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections) is an autoimmune disorder in children and adolescents that is caused by a streptococcal infection, such as strep throat or scarlet fever.
The infection causes inflammation in the brain, which can lead to a number of physical as well as mental or emotional symptoms. These can include mood changes, erratic behaviors, poor concentration, anxiety, and coordination issues, among other things.
While it may present itself in a similar way to a mental illness, it is not in fact classified as a mental illness. Treatment options for PANDAS may include antibiotics, to address the underlying infection, as well as cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy and sometimes medications for the associated mental health symptoms.
Are PANDAS brain damage?
No, PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections) is not brain damage. PANDAS is a condition in children that results from a severe reaction of the body’s immune system to a Streptococcal infection.
It can cause sudden, dramatic, and severe changes in behavior, mood, tics, and even movements and physical coordination. Symptoms may include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) behaviors; anxiety; difficulty concentrating; sleeping problems; mood swings; irritability; aggression; irritability; and physical tics.
However, PANDAS does not cause any permanent damage to the brain. Treatment for PANDAS includes antibiotics for the underlying infection, psychiatric medications for the symptoms, and other therapies.
With optimal treatment, most kids improve and can return to their normal activities.
Can autism be mistaken for PANDAS?
No, autism and PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infections) are different diagnoses, so they cannot be mistaken for one another. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social, communication, and behavior.
It is typically diagnosed in early childhood, and the signs and symptoms of autism often happen together and include difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. PANDAS, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disorder that is triggered by a bacterial infection.
Its symptoms include motor tics, repetitive behaviors, and emotional reactivity. Additionally, while PANDAS usually has its onset in childhood, it usually becomes apparent after a strep throat or Scarlet Fever infection.
It is important to note that a person can have both autism and PANDAS, as the two are not mutually exclusive. However, it is important to seek medical advice if you suspect either autism or PANDAS for an accurate diagnosis.
When should you throw away pans?
You should throw away pans that are showing signs of wear and tear. This can include corrosion, cracks, dents, and mismatched parts. If a pan is warped, has broken handles, or no longer has a non-stick coating, it is time to throw it away.
It is also important to check for any food-safety risks; for example, if the pan is made from a material that can leach toxins into food, such as aluminum, it is best to discard it. Generally speaking, if a pan is showing signs of age and wear it should be thrown away as it can be difficult and potentially dangerous to use.
Which is better non-stick or stainless steel?
When considering which cooking surface is better, non-stick or stainless steel, there is no one definitive answer because the answer will depend on a variety of factors. Generally, non-stick surfaces are easier to clean, so they tend to be popular for everyday cooking.
Additionally, many people prefer non-stick cookware because it requires less fat and oil for cooking, resulting in healthier meals. On the other hand, stainless steel surfaces are often sturdier and more durable than non-stick surfaces, meaning they can last longer so they may be an ideal choice for frequent use.
Stainless steel tends to be more resistant to scratching and other damage, so they also offer more protection and are less likely to react with acidic foods. In terms of heat distribution, stainless steel is often the better choice because it can evenly and consistently heat food.
Therefore, the choice between non-stick or stainless steel often boils down to personal preference. Be sure to consider budget and the type of cooking you plan to do when selecting a surface material.